The Maasai: A Tribe That Has Defied the Odds of Civilization
July 20, 2016
Clothing varies by age occasion and location.
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Maasai young morans.
It was estimated that due to these natural disasters, 90 percent of cattle and half of wild animals perished from Rinderpest while Maasai people were hit by numerous diseases including smallpox.
Maasai people welcoming tourists. A child will be shaved upon reaching the age of three years when he/she is being named. They also cultivated long lasting peaceful relationships with neighboring agricultural communities who came to their aid during periodic famines.
Maasai Warriors (Morans)
For the Maasai women, the head is shaven almost all the time and if not, then their hair is kept short. The Maasai speaks the Maa language which is an Eastern Nilotic language, Maasai means “My people” in Maa language.
In recent years, some Maasai especially the young generations have abandoned the traditional way of life and looked into emerging forms of employment. Maasai are now engaged in farming, business of selling traditional medicine, milk and milk products and women are involved in selling of embroideries. However, the supply and use of blood in their traditional diet is waning due to the reduction of livestock. The head is shaven almost all the time or the hair is kept short.”/>
Despite of the modern civilization, the Maasai people have largely managed to maintain their culture and traditional ways of living, although this has become more challenging each year due to external factors.
For example, Young men wear black for several months following their circumcision. Elgon.
After circumcision, the young warriors grow their hair again and spend a great deal of time styling it. You’ll be charmed by the different combined faces and cultures of the world.
Circumcision for teenage girls is performed by elder women but girls are permitted to cry. Their reputation as fierce warriors came from their spiritual beliefs that their rain god (called Ngai) gave all cattle to them, and therefore anyone else who possesses cattle must have stolen from the Maasai. Despite the Kenya government efforts to stop this female ritual the attempts have failed, primarily due to the fact that it is the Maasai women who defend the practice and often the ritual is done in secrecy.
According to history, the Maasai originated from the lower Nile valley north of Lake Turkana in Northwest Kenya and migrated south at around the 15th century. There are numerous traditions and ceremonies that are performed by Maasai men. They arrived into southern part of Kenya and central part of Tanzania occupying vast lands between 17th and 18th century.
Maintaining a traditional pastoral lifestyle has become increasingly difficult due to outside influences of the modern world. The Maasai control large chunks of land.
Head shaving is a common practice in Maasai as it signifies different rites of passage. Two days before the boys are circumcised, their heads are shaved. Certain Maasai sacred rituals involve drinking of cow blood.
Maasai Warriors (Morans)
During this circumcision period, the newly circumcised young men will live in a “Manyatta,” a village built by their mothers. Maasai are also involved by the Kenyan government in wildlife conservation and their wildlife sanctuaries are some of the best managed and productive conservation areas to visit in Africa.
Maasai are now engaged in farming, business of selling traditional medicine, milk products and women are involved in selling of embroideries.. If you are planning a trip to Kenya, be assured that the real face of Kenya is found among the combined faces of many cultures. Each landscape has a different cultural significance to a different community, and the wildlife has long been an essential part of traditional culture.
Maasai have been cattle keepers in terms of wealth and they control large chunks of arid and semi-arid lands in Kenya and Tanzania due to their pastoralism way of life. This does not mean that Maasai do not cherish their hair. At the height of their ascendancy in the mid-18th Century, the range lands that they occupied included the fertile volcanic lands in the Great Rift Valley, an area of more than 400,000 km sq.
In those early years, the Maasai were considered fierce warriors, feared by many tribes. Elder men perform circumcision to teenage boys who have attained the age for adulthood.
Maasai lands in Kenya were reduced further when British colonialists evicted them to make room for settler ranches, subsequently confining them to their present lands south of Kenya. Over the years that followed Kenya’s independence in 1963, more land was taken to create wildlife reserves and national parks.
Maasai women love beads ornaments.
Maasai and cattle. The Maasai shoes are simple hand made sandals, which were until recently made from cowhides although they are now soled with tire strips or plastic. The boy must endure the operation in silence and expressions of pain can bring dishonor.
The ability to graze their cattle over large territories has diminished considerably in recent years. The plaited hair is dressed with animal fat and ocher, and parted across the top of the head at ear level.
If you like travelling, then you must have discovered one secret about travelling, and that is, travelling is about discovering. It is through visiting other places that you discover the world, it is about the exchange of experiences and learning about new places, faces and people.
Teenage girls during one of the Maasai rituals
Maasai people value blood and they drink blood on special occasions and rituals. Notice the plastic shoes.
Maasai young morans.
Bead work plays an essential part in the ornamentation of their body as both men and women wear ornaments. with a population of less than one half million people.
One tribe in Kenya called the Maasai, which is among the 42 Kenyan tribes, has defied the odds of civilization and still upholds their ancient cultural and traditional ways of life. This is done until when the warriors go through another rite of passage called the Eunoto to become elders, when their long plaited hair is shaved off.
Red is the preferred color in Maasai attire, however, blue, black, striped, and checkered cloths are also worn. Notice the plastic shoes.”/>
The Maasai people uphold their traditional rituals up to today. Maasai loves visitors.
A vacation to Kenya is more than just wildlife and scenery. The head is shaven almost all the time or the hair is kept short.
Today you will find young Maasai men and women in major Kenyan towns and cities selling, not just goats and cows, but also beads, grains, charcoal among other items. Maasai also depends on cattle for building of their homes. Their economy is almost exclusively based on animal stock, from which they take most of their food: meat, milk, and even blood. The best known is the warrior “jumping” dance, where young Maasai warriors (morans) leap into the air from a standing position, in order to demonstrate their strength and agility.
These disasters were made even more worse as this period coincided with droughts where rains failed completely in 1897 and 1898. By estimates, two-thirds of the Maasai died during this period. Today, the Maasai people occupy a total land area of less than 160,000 km sq. For example; blood is given to a circumcised person (olesipolioi), a woman who has given birth (entomononi) or the sick (oltamueyiai).
The best way to understand another culture is to experience it firsthand. Maasai people also seek wage employment as waiters, tourist guides, security guards and watchmen.
In early years, the Maasai used cow hides and skin as their clothes but since 60′s they have adopted fabric clothing. Shuka is the Maasai Maa word for sheets traditionally worn wrapped around the body.
The Maasai economic activities involves livestock keeping. Maasai love visitors.”/>
Maasai warriors “jumping” dance
The plaited hair is often dressed with animal fat and ocher, and parted across the top of the head at ear level. The manyatta has no encircling barricade for protection, emphasizing the warrior role of protecting the community.
Although the Maasai do not have a history of how they migrated to their present lands, probably due to their exodus being a long process that took many years, it is certain that they were guided by the Kerio River from the Rift Valley until they reached the watered range lands just east of Mt. Due to an increase in Maasai population, loss of cattle populations to diseases, and lack of available grazing range lands due to government park boundaries, the Maasai were forced to develop new ways of sustaining themselves.
Maasai warriors “jumping” dance
Despite this upward urban trend, many urbanized Maasai men will still shun the urban clothing when they go back home and wear a “shuka”, hand made sandals, carry a wooden club (o-rinka) and feel at ease with themselves and the world.
Circumcision in Maasai is an important rite of passage to adulthood and the ceremony is performed for both young men and girls. Circumcision in Maasai is done according to generation of 15 years or so where a new and individually named generation of Morans (warriors) will be initiated.
On their way, they fought and pushed aside other pastoralists. Due to the diminishing livestock and land for grazing, many Maasai people have begun to cultivate maize and other crops, a practice that is viewed as negative culturally.
These new Maasai lands were already occupied by other original ethnic groups who were forcibly displaced by the incoming Maasai while many others were assimilated into Maasai society.
Another famous ceremony that was performed during marriage is where a Maasai moran was required to kill a lion before getting a wife